Cripps Mission and Quit India Movement 1942 KAS UPSC Study Notes
The Cripps Mission 1942
- Sir Stafford Cripps came to India with a few proposals.
- He wanted the co-operation of the Congress.
- At the end of the war new proposals would be given to frame the Indian Constitution.
- But he did not mention - giving independence to India.
- Mahatma Gandhi rejected the assurance as a post-dated cheque on a failing bank.
- The Cripps Mission ended in failure.
The Quit India Movement, 1942
- The failure of Cripps Mission brought about a change in Gandhi’s attitude.
- He felt that non-violent methods so far followed did not yield the desired effect.
- He asked for the complete withdrawal of the British from India.
- He openly declared that there could be no friendly understanding and cooperation between India and Britain.
- Gandhiji wrote a series of articles in the magazine, the Harijan
- Quit India Resolution by INC – August 8 1942
- Gandhiji’s speech. ‘‘I am not going to be satisfied with anything short of complete freedom. We shall do or die. We shall either free India or die in the attempt.’’
- Call for unarmed revolt on a mass scale.
- Gandhi, Nehru, Abul Kalam Azad and other prominent leaders of the Congress were arrested.
- Due to lack of proper leadership violent riots took place everywhere.
- Quit India Movement was the final attempt for country’s freedom.