Jallianwalabagh Khilafat Movement Amritsar Session 1919

Important Events in Modern Indian History Jallianwalabagh, Khilafat Movement, Amritsar Session 1919

Jallianwalabagh Massacre, 13 April 1919

  • Two prominent leaders Satyapal and Saifuddin Kichlew were arrested in the Punjab in connection with the hartal against Rowlatt Act. 
  • The people of Amritsar assembled in a park in Jallianwala to protest against the unlawful arrest. 
  • This park was surrounded by high walls on all the sides with a small entrance in one side and a well in the center. 
  • General Dyer, the military commander of Amritsar, ordered his troops to block the entrance. 
  • Viceroy Lord Chelmsford
  • British Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab, Michael O'Dwyer
  • Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer
  • Then he ordered them to shoot on the peaceful and unarmed crowd without any warning. 
  • There were many women and children. There was a virtual massacre. About 379 persons were killed and 1137 people wounded.
  • This incident is called as the Jallianwalabagh massacre or Punjab Tragedy. 
  • Gandhi condemned this incident. He became a non-cooperator with the British Government. He emerged prominent. 
  • He launched the Non-Co-operation movement in 1920.


Rabindranath Tagore renounced his Knighthood as a measure of protest. 

Gandhiji returned the Kaiser-i-Hind medal given to him by the South African Government.
The Hunter Commission

The Khilafat Movement - 1919

  • The chief cause of the Khilafat Movement was the defeat of Germany and Turkey in the First World War.
  • Turkey was an ally of Germany in the First World War. After the defeat of Germany in the war, the Turkish empire was broken up (Treaty of Sevres) 
  • The territories were shared by Britain and France. The Sultan of Turkey was humiliated. 
  • The Sultan was also the Caliph or the religious leader of the Muslims. 
  • So the Muslims all over the world started the Khilafat movement against the British Government. 
  • The Ali brothers - Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali started the Khilafat Movement in India. 
  • The Congress supported this movement. 
  • Gandhi thought that it was an opportunity for uniting the Hindus and the Muslims. 
  • The Khilafat movement brought the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress closer.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, M.A. Ansari, Saifuddin Kitchlew and the Ali brothers were the prominent leaders of this movement.
  • A Khilafat Committee had been formed and on 19th October 1919, the whole country had observed the Khilafat day. 
  • On 23 November, a joint conference of the Hindus and the Muslims had also been held under the chairmanship of Mahatma Gandhi. 
  • Khilafat Movement merged with the Non-Cooperation Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920.
  • Gandhiji transformed the Congress into a mass movement.

Amritsar Session -1919

  • By holding its 34th Session at Amritsar in 1919, the Congress expressed its deep solidarity with the people killed in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
  • Under the presidentship of Motilal Nehru, the Congress condemned the massacre in the strongest of terms.



10th Level Prelims,25,Ancient Indian History,1,Ancient Medieval India,7,Answer Key,1,Aptitude,2,Arts and Culture,10,CBSE Notes,1,Class Notes,1,Current Affairs,4,December 2019,1,Degree Level Prelims,2,Download,1,Economics,11,Economy and Planning,17,Ezhuthachan Award,1,Facts About India,1,Featured,2,General Awareness,28,General English,3,General Knowledge,3,Geography,10,Historical Background,1,History,7,Home,8,IB Exam,1,Important Personalities,1,Important Years,1,Indian History,1,Indian Polity,3,Job Vacancy,3,KAS,83,KAS Mains,2,Kerala Administrative Service,9,Kerala Facts,5,Kerala Geography,1,Kerala History,2,KPSC,1,LDC,10,LGS,1,Mains Exam,1,Malayalam,3,Mauryan Empire,1,MCQ,24,Medieval Indian History,4,Mock Test,30,Modern Indian History,34,National Flag,1,NCERT Notes,13,PDF Notes,1,Periyar,1,Phrasal Verbs,1,Plus Two Level Prelims,2,Preliminary Exam,2,Prelims Questions,5,Previous Question Paper,21,PSC,18,Questions,1,Quotes,1,Reasoning,2,Regulating Act 1773,1,Research Centers,1,Resting Place,1,Revolt of 1857,1,Rivers,3,Social Welfare Schemes,1,Socio Religious Movement,3,Solar System,2,Study Materials,12,Syllabus,4,Tamilnadu,1,Thozhilvartha,1,VEO,11,
Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights: Jallianwalabagh Khilafat Movement Amritsar Session 1919
Jallianwalabagh Khilafat Movement Amritsar Session 1919
Important Events in Modern Indian History Jallianwalabagh, Khilafat Movement, Amritsar Session 1919
Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content