Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas

Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas. Kanishka, Shaka Era and Bactrian Invasion by Greeks

After Mauryas – Post Mauryan Period

  • After the death of Asoka, his successors were not able to keep the vast Mauryan Empire intact. The provinces started declaring their independence. 
  • The northwest India slipped out of the control of the Mauryas and a series of foreign invasions affected this region.
  • Kalinga declared its independence and in the further south the Satavahanas established their independent rule
  • Mauryan rule was confined to the Gangetic valley and it was soon replaced by the Sunga dynasty
Post Mauryan Period Kanishka

Sunga Dynasty (187 -78 BCE)

  • The founder of the Sunga dynasty was Pushyamitra Sunga, who was the commander-in-chief under the Mauryas.
  • He assassinated the last Mauryan ruler and became the ruler

Satavahanas (100BC to 300AD)

  •  In the Deccan, the Satavahanas established their independent rule after the decline of the Mauryas.
  •  Their rule lasted for about 450 years.
  •  Ancient Indian dynasty, also called Andhras in Puranas

Bactrian Invasion by Greeks

  • Bactria and Parthia became independent from the Syrian empire in the middle of the third century B.C.
  • Demetrius, the Greek ruler of Bactria invaded Afghanistan and Punjab and occupied them
  • The Indo-Greek rule lasted from about 180 BC till about 55 BC
  • The Sakas (also written Shakas), alternatively known as Indo-Scythians, invaded northwest India in the first century BC onwards.


  • The Sakas or the Scythians attacked Bactria and Parthia and captured them from the Greek rulers.
  • The first Saka ruler in India was Maues or Moa/Moga (20 BCE to 22 CE).
  • In India, the Sakas became assimilated into Hindu society. They began to adopt Hindu names and religious beliefs


  •  The Sakas were displaced by the Parthian Gondophernes, who first conquered Kabul
  •  He lost the Kabul valley to the Kushanas.
  •  Kushana kings extended Kushana territory to Gandhara, Punjab region

Kanishka – Kushana King

  • The best known of the Kushana kings was Kanishka, who is thought to have ruled from 78 CE till 101 or 102 CE.
  • 78 AD is held to be the beginning of the “Saka era” in the Indian calendar.
  • Kanishka was a follower of Buddhism and hosted the fourth Buddhist mahasangha or council
  • Kushana coins were of the highest quality and conformed to the weight standards of Roman coins

Shaka Era – National Calender

  • The national calendar based on the Saka Era, with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for the following official purposes:
    • Gazette of India.
    • News broadcast by All India Radio.
    • Calendars issued by the Government of India.
    • Government communications addressed to the members of the public.
  •  Dates of the national calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar, 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.



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Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights: Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas
Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas
Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas. Kanishka, Shaka Era and Bactrian Invasion by Greeks
Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights
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