Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas

Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas. Kanishka, Shaka Era and Bactrian Invasion by Greeks

After Mauryas – Post Mauryan Period

  • After the death of Asoka, his successors were not able to keep the vast Mauryan Empire intact. The provinces started declaring their independence. 
  • The northwest India slipped out of the control of the Mauryas and a series of foreign invasions affected this region.
  • Kalinga declared its independence and in the further south the Satavahanas established their independent rule
  • Mauryan rule was confined to the Gangetic valley and it was soon replaced by the Sunga dynasty
Post Mauryan Period Kanishka

Sunga Dynasty (187 -78 BCE)

  • The founder of the Sunga dynasty was Pushyamitra Sunga, who was the commander-in-chief under the Mauryas.
  • He assassinated the last Mauryan ruler and became the ruler

Satavahanas (100BC to 300AD)

  •  In the Deccan, the Satavahanas established their independent rule after the decline of the Mauryas.
  •  Their rule lasted for about 450 years.
  •  Ancient Indian dynasty, also called Andhras in Puranas

Bactrian Invasion by Greeks

  • Bactria and Parthia became independent from the Syrian empire in the middle of the third century B.C.
  • Demetrius, the Greek ruler of Bactria invaded Afghanistan and Punjab and occupied them
  • The Indo-Greek rule lasted from about 180 BC till about 55 BC
  • The Sakas (also written Shakas), alternatively known as Indo-Scythians, invaded northwest India in the first century BC onwards.

Sakas

  • The Sakas or the Scythians attacked Bactria and Parthia and captured them from the Greek rulers.
  • The first Saka ruler in India was Maues or Moa/Moga (20 BCE to 22 CE).
  • In India, the Sakas became assimilated into Hindu society. They began to adopt Hindu names and religious beliefs

Kushanas

  •  The Sakas were displaced by the Parthian Gondophernes, who first conquered Kabul
  •  He lost the Kabul valley to the Kushanas.
  •  Kushana kings extended Kushana territory to Gandhara, Punjab region

Kanishka – Kushana King

  • The best known of the Kushana kings was Kanishka, who is thought to have ruled from 78 CE till 101 or 102 CE.
  • 78 AD is held to be the beginning of the “Saka era” in the Indian calendar.
  • Kanishka was a follower of Buddhism and hosted the fourth Buddhist mahasangha or council
  • Kushana coins were of the highest quality and conformed to the weight standards of Roman coins

Shaka Era – National Calender

  • The national calendar based on the Saka Era, with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar for the following official purposes:
    • Gazette of India.
    • News broadcast by All India Radio.
    • Calendars issued by the Government of India.
    • Government communications addressed to the members of the public.
  •  Dates of the national calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar, 1 Chaitra falling on 22 March normally and on 21 March in leap year.

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Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights: Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas
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Post Mauryan Period Sunga Satavahanas Kushanas. Kanishka, Shaka Era and Bactrian Invasion by Greeks
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