Rama Krishna Mission 1897 Aligarh Movement

SOCIO RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS Rama Krishna Mission – 1897 Syed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh Movement

SOCIO RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS

  • Raja Rammohan Roy and The Brahmo Samaj – 1828
  • Swami Dayananda Saraswathi and The Arya Samaj – 1875
  • Theosophical Society – 1875
  • Rama Krishna Mission – 1897
  • Syed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh Movement
  • Parsi and Sikh Reform Movements
Socio Religious Movements Ramakrishna Mission

Rama Krishna Mission – 1897

  • Rama Krishna Paramahamsa was a priest in a temple of Kali at Dakshineswar near Kolkata.
  • He had deep faith in the basic truth of all religions. He preached the unity of all religions
  • He explained the principles contained in the Vedas and Upanishads through simple stories, called parables. 
  • He stressed that every individual is a part of God. Therefore, according to him “service to man means service to God.”
  • The credit of propagating his ideas goes to his great disciple, Swami Vivekananda.
  • Swami Vivekananda’s childhood name was Narendra Nath. 
  • He was educated in English schools and graduated himself. He studied the works of the western philosophers. 
  • He was attracted and moved closer with Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
  • After the death of Ramakrishna, Vivekananda carried the messages of his master all over India. 
  • According to Vivekananda, “The best way to Serve God is to serve the poor and the downtrodden.” It became his motto.
  • He participated in the World Religious Congregation held at Chicago in the United States of America in 1893.
  • Vivekananda raised the prestige of Indian culture and religion in the eyes of the world.
  •  Ramakrishna Mission was established in 1897 by Swami Vivekananda at Belur near Kolkata. 
  • It has branches all over India and the other parts of the world.
  • The Missions’ motto is “Service to humanity”. 
  • It serves for the education, upliftment of women, removal of poverty among the poor and downtrodden.

Muslim Reform Movements

  • For a long time, the Muslims remained outside the influence of western education and the British rule
  • Reform movements among the Muslim community began in the later half of the 19th century. 
  • They aimed at the spread of modern education and removal of social abuses like the Purdha System and polygamy.
  •  In the beginning Mohammeden Literary Society of Kolkata was founded in 1863 by Nawab Abdul Latif. 
  • It played an important role in the spread of education among the Muslims and started a number of schools in Bengal.

Syed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh Movement 

  • The most important movement for the spread of modern education and social reforms among the Muslims was started by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
  • He had been in the service of British Government as a judicial officer. 
  • He remained loyal to them during the revolt of 1857 and insisted on the co-operation of the Muslims with the British Government.
  • Syed Ahmed Khan insisted the unity between the Hindus and Muslims. 
  • In 1864 Sir Syed Ahmed Khan started a school at Ghazipur. It was later called as the Scientific Society. 
  • His greatest achievement was the establishment of the Mohammeden Anglo Oriental College (MAO) at Aligarh in 1875.
  • It later developed into the Aligarh Muslim University.
  •  The reform movement started by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was called the Aligarh Movement. 
  • He was in favor of the abolition of Purdah and education of women. 
  • He propagated his views through his magazine called Tahzil-ud-Akhlaq (Reform of Morals).

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SOCIO RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS Rama Krishna Mission – 1897 Syed Ahmed Khan and Aligarh Movement
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