Simon Commission 1927 and Bardoli Satyagraha 1928

Simon Commission 1927 and Bardoli Satyagraha 1928 Important Points to remember for Exams

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    • Belgaum Session - 1924
      • MK Gandhi was the president of 39th Congress Session held at Belgaum.

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    • Kanpur Session - 1925
      • Sarojini Naidu became the second woman to preside over the Congress after Annie Besant.

Simon Commission - 1927

  • The Act of 1919 included a provision for its review after a lapse of ten years. However, the review commission was appointed
  • It came to be known as Simon Commission after the name of its chairman, Sir John Simon. 
  • All its seven members were Englishmen. As there was no Indian member in it, the Commission faced a lot of criticism even before its landing in India. 
  • The Congress Party decided to boycott the Commission at their session at Madras in 1927
  • Almost all the political parties including the Congress decided to oppose the Commission.
  • On the fateful day of 3 February 1928 when the Commission reached Bombay, a general hartal was observed all over the country.
  • Everywhere it was greeted with black flags and the cries of ‘Simon go back’. 
  • At Lahore, the students took out a large anti-Simon Commission demonstration on 30 October 1928 under the leadership of Lala Lajpat Rai. 
  • In this demonstration, Lala Lajpat Rai was seriously injured in the police lathi charge and he passed away after one month.
  • The report of the Simon Commission was published in May 1930. 
  • It was stated that the constitutional experiment with Dyarchy was unsuccessful and in its place the report recommended the establishment of autonomous government. 
  • Simon Commission’s Report became the basis for enacting the Government of India Act of 1935.
  • Clement Atlee was a member of the Commission. He was Britain’s Prime Minister during Indian independence and partition in 1947

Bardoli Satyagraha - 1928

  • The government of the Bombay Presidency had raised the tax rate by 30% that year, and despite petitions from civic groups, refused to cancel the rise in the face of the calamities.
  • The situation for the farmers was grave enough that they barely had enough property and crops to pay off the tax, let alone for feeding themselves afterwards.
  • On February 6, 1928, Sardar Patel under Gandhi's leadership launched a Satyagraha in Bardoli 
  • It continued up till August 6, 1928, when an agreement was arrived at with the government.
  •  Its success gave rise to Patel becoming one of the main leaders of the independence movement



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Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights: Simon Commission 1927 and Bardoli Satyagraha 1928
Simon Commission 1927 and Bardoli Satyagraha 1928
Simon Commission 1927 and Bardoli Satyagraha 1928 Important Points to remember for Exams
Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights
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