Individual Satyagraha Indian National Army Study Notes KAS UPSC Exam
- Gandhi was not satisfied with August offer - launched Individual Satyagraha.
- Individual Satyagraha was limited, symbolic and non-violent in nature
- Gandhi to choose the Satyagrahis.
- Acharya Vinoba Bhave - first to offer Satyagraha and he was sentenced to three months imprisonment.
- Jawaharlal Nehru - second and imprisoned for four months.
- Satyagraha continued for nearly 15 months.
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose
- He joined the Indian National Congress in 1927
- Netaji was the source of inspiration for the youth and the masses.
- He made several youth join the national movement.
- Elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in Haripura Session 1938.
- Not satisfied with the peaceful means of struggle adopted by Gandhi
- In 1939 Tripuri Session, Gandhi’s candidate for presidential election - Pattabhi Sitaramayya
- Forward Bloc Party, 1939
- Boss won election in narrow margin but forced to resign from INC in 1939 – Rajedra prasad acted as president later
- He started the Forward Bloc Party in 1939 –within Congress
- Started Campaign against British Power
- He was house arrested by the British in 1940 - kept under constant surveillance.
- Escaped from Calcutta and and reached Germany
The Indian National Army 1942
- Then he went to Burma in 1942 - occupied by the Japanese.
- Japan captured British Indian prisoners– more than 20,000 in number.
- They were released and Subash Chandra Bose formed the Indian National Army with these Indians.
- In 1943 Subash went to Singapore - Presidentship of the Indian Independence League was handed over to Subash by Rash Behari Bose.
- Subash became the Supreme commander of the INA or Azad Hind Fauj. Subash Chandra Bose was popularly called Netaji. A women’s regiment named after the Rani of Jhansi was organized under the captaincy of Lakshmi
- His slogan Jai Hind echoed throughout India
- ‘Delhi Chalo’ was another famous slogan of Bose.
- In 1945 Japan was forced to surrender. Indian soldiers were arrested.
- INA Trails – Royal Indian Navy Mutiny 1946