Individual Satyagraha Indian National Army Study Notes KAS UPSC Exam

Individual Satyagraha Indian National Army Study Notes KAS UPSC Exam

Individual Satyagraha

  • Gandhi was not satisfied with August offer - launched Individual Satyagraha.
  • Individual Satyagraha was limited, symbolic and non-violent in nature 
  • Gandhi to choose the Satyagrahis.
    • Acharya Vinoba Bhave - first to offer Satyagraha and he was sentenced to three months imprisonment.
    • Jawaharlal Nehru - second and imprisoned for four months. 
  • Satyagraha continued for nearly 15 months.

Netaji Subash Chandra Bose

  • He joined the Indian National Congress in 1927
  • Netaji was the source of inspiration for the youth and the masses. 
  • He made several youth join the national movement. 
  • Elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in Haripura Session 1938.
  • Not satisfied with the peaceful means of struggle adopted by Gandhi
  • In 1939 Tripuri Session, Gandhi’s candidate for presidential election -  Pattabhi Sitaramayya
  • Forward Bloc Party, 1939
  • Boss won election in narrow margin but forced to resign from INC in 1939 – Rajedra prasad acted as president later
  • He started the Forward Bloc Party in 1939 –within Congress
  • Started Campaign against British Power
  • He was house arrested by the British in 1940 - kept under constant surveillance.
  • Escaped from Calcutta and and reached Germany

The Indian National Army 1942

  • Then he went to Burma in 1942 - occupied by the Japanese. 
  • Japan captured British Indian prisoners– more than 20,000 in number. 
  • They were released  and Subash Chandra Bose formed the Indian National Army with these Indians. 
  • In 1943 Subash went to Singapore - Presidentship of the Indian Independence League was handed over to Subash by Rash Behari Bose.
  • Subash became the Supreme commander of the INA or Azad Hind Fauj. Subash Chandra Bose was popularly called Netaji. A women’s regiment named after the Rani of Jhansi was organized under the captaincy of Lakshmi
  • His slogan Jai Hind echoed throughout India 
  • ‘Delhi Chalo’ was another famous slogan of Bose.
  • In 1945 Japan was forced to surrender. Indian soldiers were arrested.
  • INA Trails – Royal Indian Navy Mutiny 1946

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Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights: Individual Satyagraha Indian National Army Study Notes KAS UPSC Exam
Individual Satyagraha Indian National Army Study Notes KAS UPSC Exam
Individual Satyagraha Indian National Army Study Notes KAS UPSC Exam
Kerala Administrative Service (KAS) Online Class Study Notes Tests | KAS Insights
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