Jinnah’s Two Nation Theory The August offer 1940 Modern India KAS UPSC Study Notes
After Govt. of India Act 1935
- Act was not up to the expectation of the Congress - continued its agitation.
- Congress contested the elections conducted under the Act in 1937.
- Formed ministries in 7 provinces out of 11
Second World War
- Broke out in 1939.
- The British Government involved India in the war without consulting the Congress leaders or the members of the Legislative Assemblies.
- Initially Congress did not agree for the involvement of India in the war.
- As a mark of protest the Congress Ministries in the Provinces resigned on 12 December 1939.
- The Muslim League celebrated that day as the Deliverance Day
- Later it accepted it subject to the condition that India would be given freedom at the end of the war.
Jinnah’s Two Nation Theory 1940
- Muhammed Ali Jinnah put forth the Two Nation Theory in 1940.
- He demanded a separate nation Pakistan for the Muslims.
The August offer 1940
- The British Viceroy Linlithgow was responsible for involving Indians in the Second World War.
- Offer to satisfy the Congress - Dominion Status for India, after war
- Committee would be set up for framing the Indian Constitution.
- These offers were made in the month of August 1940.
- The Congress totally rejected it.